What comes after the human? “Never let me go” by Kazuo Ishiguro
My name is Kathy H. I’m thirty-one years old, and I’ve been a carer now for over eleven years. That sounds long enough, I know, but actually they want me to go on for another eight months, until the end of this year. That’ll make it almost exactly twelve years. Now I know my being a carer so long isn’t necessarily because they think I’m fantastic at what I do. There are some really good carers who’ve been told to stop after just two or three years. And I can think of one carer at least who went on for all of fourteen years despite being a complete waste of space. So I’m not trying to boast. But then I do know for a fact they’ve been pleased with my work, and by and large, I have too. My donors have always tended to do much better than expected. Their recovery times have
England, late 1990s
been impressive, and hardly any of them have been classified as “agitated,” even before fourth donation. Okay, maybe I am boasting now. But it means a lot to me, being able to do my work well, especially that bit about my donors staying “calm.” I’ve developed a kind of instinct around donors. I know when to hang around and comfort them, when to leave them to themselves; when to listen to everything they have to say, and when just to shrug and tell them to snap out of it.
Anyway, I’m not making any big claims for myself. I know carers, working now, who are just as good and don’t get half the credit. If you’re one of them, I can understand how you might get resentful—about my bedsit, my car, above all, the way I get to pick and choose who I look after. And I’m a Hailsham student—which is enough by itself sometimes to get people’s backs up. Kathy H., they say, she gets to pick and choose, and she always chooses her own kind: people from Hailsham, or one of the other privileged estates. No wonder she has a great record. I’ve heard it said enough, so I’m sure you’ve heard it plenty more, and maybe there’s something in it. But I’m not the first to be allowed to pick and choose, and I doubt if I’ll be the last. And anyway, I’ve done my share of looking after donors brought up in every kind of place. By the time I finish, remember, I’ll have done twelve years of this, and it’s only for the last six they’ve let me choose.
And why shouldn’t they? Carers aren’t machines. You try and do your best for every donor, but in the end, it wears you down. You don’t have unlimited patience and energy. So when you get a chance to choose, of course, you choose your own kind. That’s natural. There’s no way I could have gone on for as long as I have if I’d stopped feeling for my donors every step of the way. And anyway, if I’d never started choosing, how would I ever have got close again to Ruth and Tommy after all those years?
So it opens Never let me go, one of the most famous novels of the Nobel Prize for Literature Kazuo Ishiguro.
As noted by Professor Gabriele Griffin in an insightful article, the book appeared in the early 2000s: a period when biotechnological developments and debates associated with cloning were high on the public agenda. At the same time, there were disputations on about organ donation and its more discussed forms, such as organ harvesting and “saviour siblings”. Furthermore, rapid developments have been in biotechnology and gene technology, suggesting new possibilities of moving towards the creation of new forms of organs, and even living beings. Parallelly, legal and ethical discourses have arisen, seeking to mediate between science and its implications and meanings.
A new evolutionary stage or a different species: what comes after the human?
Like Sci-fi literary tradition and post-human research, Never let me go challenges conceptions of what is artificial and what is human, critically addressing the line between them and raising questions about how we relate to biotechnological potentialities – and, in the end, who we are.